He was born in a Brahmin family in 350 BC.
According to the Jain writer Hemachandra, Chanakya was born in the Chanaka village of the Golla region, to Chanin.
Chanakya was educated at Takshashila, an ancient center of learning located in north-western ancient India (present it is Pakistan). He grew up to be a well-read young man, with knowledge in a variety of subjects including economics, political science, war strategies, medicine and astrology. It is also believed that he was familiar with elements of Greek and Persian learning. He was fully knowledgeable concerning the Vedas literature too. After completing his education he became a teacher (acharya) of political science and economics at Takshashila.
Journey As Philosopher
Chanakya was a philosopher, economist, and statesman who wrote the Indian political treatise, the ‘Arthashastra’ (Economics). In this seminal work he had compiled almost every aspect of what had been written in India up to that time regarding property, economics, or material success. He is considered a pioneer in the fields of political science and economics in India due to the significant contributions he made to the development of these fields. Chanakya, also identified as Kauṭilya or Vishnu Gupta, was a powerful statesman in the court of the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta and played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Maurya empire. Born into a Brahmin family, Chanakya was educated at Takshashila, an ancient center of learning located in north-western ancient India. He was a highly learned person with in-depth knowledge in varied subjects like economics, politics, war strategies, medicine, and astrology. Beginning his career as a teacher, he went on to become a trusted ally of Emperor Chandragupta. Acting as the emperor’s counselor and adviser, he was instrumental in helping Chandragupta overthrow the powerful Nanda dynasty at Pataliputra, in the Magadha region and helped Chandragupta consolidate his powers. Chanakya also served as the adviser to Chandragupta’s son Bindusara.
Quotes of Chanakya for People
- “One who can’t determine his goals; cannot win.” — Every person need to determine his / her goals, it leads to make plan based on pros and cons of their goals.
- “There is some self-interest behind every friendship. There is no friendship without self-interests. This is a bitter truth.”
- “Treat your kid like a darling for the first five years. For the next five years, scold them. By the time they turn sixteen treat them like a friend. Your grown up children are your best friends.”
- “No one can defeat a powerful mind.”
- “As a single withered tree, if set aflame, causes a whole forest to burn, so does a rascal son destroy a whole family.”
- “Accumulated wealth is saved by spending just as incoming fresh water is saved by letting out stagnant water.”
- “Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions- Why am I doing it, what are the results might be and will I be successful. Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions.”